People have been growing plants in small, indoor grow rooms for decades now. It’s especially done for cannabis users who grow marijuana for medical purposes. As the industry of plant growing expands, large-scale production of plants such as marijuana is quickly becoming popular on commercial levels.
More and more people are now developing professional-managed large scale grow facilities not only to produce quality products, but also to ensure their plants are kept safe. Here are some tips on how to design a grow facility for your plants.
Select The Right Space
Location is the first thing to consider when you begin designing a grow facility. Of course, a greenhouse is usually your most efficient option. As you may know, greenhouses can save you between 60-75% of the total energy consumption, as opposed to indoor plant growing facilities.
It is important to look at the available space, whether you’re going for a greenhouse or an indoor operation. Determine the type of plant you want to grow, the number of saplings you require, and how you want them to occupy the space. How much space you need will be dictated by the different types of plants you will choose. Similarly, the light source required is also an important consideration.
Use Suitable Soil And Nutrients
Some plants need more soil than others. Loamy soil with an ideal mixture of sand, clay, and silt along with high humus content would be the right type of soil for your plants. If you’re going to use such a living soil, you need to consider nourishing the plants in your garden, the microorganisms, insects, and worms included therein.
Organic soil has been used for agriculture since ancient times, but it’s now becoming popular because of the many benefits that it has to offer. It doesn’t have synthetic chemicals, giving a good substrate for plants to grow. Instead of using synthetic fertilizers, organic soils are fortified using compost from natural sources such as garden compost, manure, and even household compost.
Organic soil is also become a necessity today because of the growing demand for sustainable agriculture. More people are looking for alternative ways to produce their organic and clean foods, which means that there’s a growing need for healthier and environmentally friendly products.
Choose Good Watering Options
When planning your grow facility design, there are several watering options available. Most growers, however, prefer hydroponic growing because it is a sustainable method for indoor growing operations.
Hydroponics is a procedure of growing plants that uses a liquid solution containing nutrients and a drier medium to support the plant’s root system. It differs from traditional soil gardening as it allows for a high level of nutrient availability to the plants. Proponents of hydroponic gardening argue that plants grow faster in this manner and produce a higher yield compared to plants grown in organic soil. Hydroponic plants are considered environmentally friendly since they don’t produce any waste that requires processing. Because of their ability to feed a growing population in urban areas, hydroponics is fast becoming a favorite method among home gardeners.
Install Energy-Efficient Lighting
There are various lighting options available for plant growing operations, but LED lighting has proven to be the most ideal option in terms of energy efficiency, even for facilities that employ the vertical farming strategy. It’s now quickly becoming the mandatory lighting option for indoor plant growing.
LED lighting is highly efficient even though the bulbs are much costlier. Because they use so little electricity, LED lights are also eco-friendly. This means that they don’t produce any harmful emissions and are very safe for the environment. So you not only save money in the long run, but you can also save time and energy. LED lights also come in a wide range of colors and sizes, so you can easily find the light that matches your particular need.
Use Efficient HVAC & Humidifiers
An efficient HVAC for indoor plant growth will help you save more money and time than you ever thought possible. By making use of the right HVAC equipment and a good set of guidelines, you can maintain a proper balance of temperature, humidity and airflow. Using HVAC systems allows you to set the right temperature and the humidity range and consistently maintain them. However, many traditional HVAC systems will not be able to maintain the desired range of humidity, which can be up to 70%. So you need to add humidifiers or install a mist irrigation system to compensate for the dry air being circulated.
Grow facility design is one important aspect of plant cultivation. There are several factors that can affect your plants’ quality. The tips above should help you design a grow facility that will meet the requirements of producing quality crops and keeping them safe. If grow facilities aren’t your specialty yet, you can always seek assistance from a design consultant.