How to Make Eco-friendly Home-made Holi Colours


Author – Anjali Sinha


Come every Holi, I begin to get a weird feeling. Deep down my heart, I really want to have fun smearing coloured powders on friends and relatives, forgetting all my inhibitions. However, at the back of my mind, I am aware of how harmful these seemingly innocent colours are, not only to our health, but also to the environment. I face a dilemma – to play or not to play and until the year before last – I used to end up hiding in a room to avoid the boisterous crowd of neighbours, friends and relatives. To those who would be a little considerate, I would be ready with a list of excuses to avoid Holi colors, but would bravely face them – though after putting generous amounts of coconut oil on my hair, face, neck and hands.

The synthetic dyes used in the colours that we buy from the market contain harmful chemicals, which can cause mild health problems ranging from allergies, itchiness, eye puffiness, giddiness to serious issues like blindness, renal failure, cancer, etc. When we wash ourselves after playing with these toxic colours, these chemicals get into the environment and contaminate the soil and ground water, and spoil the natural habitat.

Last year however, I played Holi to my heart’s content, because I played with dry home-made Holi colours with a select group of friends! My friends and I had decided that we will make our own safe and skin-friendly colours. We were happy to realize that we could use everyday items from our household (mostly from our kitchen) to make a range of colours like red, yellow, green, blue, brown and black. The interesting part is that we could experiment with the proportions to create different shades of the same colour and arrive at the perfect shades we were looking for!

How to Make Home-made Holi Colours

Beetroot_colourLet me share with you some ideas on how to make safe and environment-friendly Holi colours at home. This will help us protect ourselves from the potential damage done by the synthetic dye-based colours.

Just take such simple items like – haldi and besan; we use them almost everyday in our food and they will definitely form a bright yet safe colour for Holi. Take beetroot – when we boil beetroot for soups, the resultant colour we get is so lovely – so why can’t we play Holi with that! Same is the case with Henna powder, kattha, amla, etc.

Red hibiscusRed hibiscus or china rose is a common plant that yields red colour. The plant’s flowers and leaves are good for our hair too. Such traditional knowledge is being forgotten over the years. For say, 100gm of the colour from hibiscus flowers, you need about 60-70 of them. You need shade dry them till they become so crispy that they can be crushed between the fingers. You need to grind it to fine powder in the mixie and then add flour/ atta to it. Similarly, Red Sandalwood (both powder and stick) is available in the shops at INR50 per 100gm. We can mix this with equal quantity of flour to get a smooth red powder.

We can use the following simple kitchen ingredients to make dry colour powders and wet Holi colours at home:

Flours – Gram flour (besan); Wheat flour (atta); Flour (maida)

Turmeric-powderPowders – Turmeric (haldi); Red sandalwood (Raktachandan or Lalchandan); Indigo (neel); Henna (mehndi); Gooseberry (amla)

Greens – Spinach (palak); Mint leaves (pudina)

Extracts – Acacia catechu (Kattha – used in paan); Pomegranate peels (anaar); Beetroot

Flowers – Marigold (ghenda); red hibiscus (China rose); Flame of the Forest (Palash); and blue hibiscus (found in Kerala)

I am listing down simple ways to make your own Holi colours in the table below. Rather than give specific measured quantities, I would like you to experiment with the quantities to get the desired shades you want.

Red /MagentaMix Red Sandalwood Powder with flour (1:1)Make powder of dry red hibiscus flowers and add flour to it (1:1)Boil small pieces of beetroot in water and strain the liquid. Add more water in case you want to dilute the deep pink / magenta colour
YellowMix one tablespoon of turmeric powder with two tablespoons of gram flour (besan) (1:2)Mix turmeric with waterSoak peels of pomegranate overnight in water and strain the liquidBoil marigold or palash flowers in water
GreenMix henna powder with flourMix a paste of mint (pudina)/ spinach (palak) with water and strain the liquid. Dilute it with water to get the right colour.
BrownMix powders of henna, gooseberry and turmericMix paan kattha with water to get the brown colour you want
BlueMix small quantity of indigo powder with flour (1:3)Make powder of blue hibiscus flowers and add flour to it (1:1)Mix indigo (powder or liquid) with water
BlackMix all the above colours (red, blue, green and brown) to get a brownish black powderSoak dried gooseberry (amla) overnight in an iron vessel and strain the black liquid

Source: Indiawaterportal

Wishing you a very joyous, happy, safe and eco-friendly colourful Holi!

Ecoideaz is hell bent on proving that sensible green ideas do emerge from India. It is eager to build a comprehensive portfolio of all eco-friendly ideas developed in India and create a repository for innovative green ideas both from the investor and consumer perspective.


  1. Hi,
    you guys have no clue about natural products. To get 100gms of hibiscus flower powder, you need atleast 400-500 flowers. it has to be shade dried for a month. can any one do that for playing holi?! similarly, red sandalwood is too costly to be played holi. it costs atleast 400-500rs per 100gms. this is why eco-friendly products dont work!

  2. Dear Anjali
    It is a informative artice and in light of today’s time and needs. I am a resident at IITB mumbai and wanted to inform that playing colors with eco-frindly products is catching up high time. Here for this Holi we made beet root wet color , one beetroot chopped and boiled gave five liters of wet red color and one bunch of spinach ( just Rs 15 worth) and boiled and made in to paste gave 5-6 liters of wet color. This was enough for a family with one kid. We adults mostly played with Gulal made by mixing turmeric and gram flour and plain flour. Some of us had dried the ” palash flowers fallen from trees in just last month and crushed and mixed with flour” We had an absolutely eco friendly holi. Next time we would try your ideas of making red and brown and green colors. But can you also check if use of Mehndi and indigo on face is safe. They are natural products but kind of afraid as they are very long lasting colors 🙂

    I dont think we need 600 flowers for 100 gms of red hibiscus flower powder because here in Mumbai my friends actually bought red home-made colors and it was definitely not that expensive. I think we should try with few crushed hibiscus flowers, palash flowers, red sandalwood powder and even dried beetroot powder. If one wants to play decent holi with these colors I think the100 gms of Gulal made from besan is also enough but yes if you want to indulge in Holi madness where people like to dump others in marshes or paint them with silver and gold colors than any suggestion would not be worth trying.

  3. This is an informative article and in light of today’s time and needs. The ingredients of holi colours have changed over the last couple of years. Organic colours seems to be working so far. If one wants to play decent holi with colors, I think gulaal made from besan is also enough but yes, if you want to indulge in Holi madness where people like to dump others in marshes or paint them with silver and gold colours than any suggestion would not be worth trying.


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