Government Initiatives And Policy Support for Renewable Energy Projects In India


India has been making significant strides in the field of green energy, with a particular focus on innovative solutions to transition to a low-carbon economy. Many countries invest a lot in sustainable energy.

Investments in India’s green energy sector are experiencing a significant upsurge, marked by a confluence of innovative technologies, supportive government policies, and increasing investor interest. This momentum is set against the backdrop of India’s ambitious targets for clean energy and climate change mitigation.

By FY2023, India is expected to attract close to $10 billion in renewable energy investment. This massive influx is a bright spot in a climate where public markets are reluctant to large-scale capital raising. Key areas garnering investment include electric vehicles and green hydrogen, reflecting a growing emphasis on energy transition in investment portfolios.

Government Initiatives for Renewable Energy Projects

Government initiatives have significantly facilitated the growth of the renewable energy sector. These include the Green Hydrogen Mission, viability gap funding for battery energy storage systems, and the promotion of solar-wind hybrid projects. Such initiatives have diversified capital sources for the sector, both domestically and internationally.

These investor-friendly government initiatives demonstrate India’s commitment to a sustainable energy future. The focus on green hydrogen, battery storage, electric vehicle infrastructure, and renewable energy expansion not only contributes to the global fight against climate change but also positions India as a leader in green technology and sustainable practices. There are many investment options for investors such as international trends like online casino real money nz. However, investing in renewable energy is a safe and secure option since these assets provide steady returns for decades.

Renewable Energy Policy Enhancements

The government has laid out a comprehensive framework for renewable energy expansion by permitting 100% Foreign Direct Investment under the automatic route. So large renewable energy projects such as setting up Ultra Mega Renewable Energy Parks, and funding several other schemes like PM-KUSUM and Solar Rooftop Phase II programs. These initiatives are designed to scale up India’s renewable energy capacity significantly.

Green Energy Corridor and Transmission Enhancements

New transmission lines and power sub-station capacities are being created under the  Green Energy Corridor Scheme to facilitate the evacuation of renewable energy. There’s also a major transmission plan for integrating 500GW of renewable energy capacity by 2030, ensuring a robust grid infrastructure for renewable power distribution.

Green Hydrogen Mission

The National Green Hydrogen Mission, with an allocation of INR19,700 crore, aims to transition the Indian economy to a low-carbon intensity one and reduce dependence on fossil fuel imports. This mission targets to reach an annual production of 5 million metric tons of green hydrogen by 2030. This is a significant move as it positions India to assume technology and market leadership in this emerging sector.

Battery Energy Storage Systems

Another notable development is the formulation of a Viability Gap Funding Scheme for the development of battery energy storage systems with a capacity of nearly 4,000 MWh. This initiative was announced in the Indian Union Budget 2023-24 and reflects a commitment to enhancing energy storage capabilities, which are crucial for managing the intermittency of renewable energy sources like solar and wind.

Further, the central government has also provided customs duty exemption for the import of capital goods and machinery required for the manufacture of lithium-ion cells for batteries used in electric vehicles. This policy is aimed at boosting the domestic production of EV batteries, a critical component for the transition to electric mobility​.

PM-PRANAM and GOBARdhan Scheme

The government launched the PM Programme for Restoration, Awareness, Nourishment, and Amelioration of Mother Earth (PM-PRANAM) to promote alternative fertilizers and balanced use of chemical fertilizers. Additionally, under the new GOBARdhan (Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan) scheme, 500 new ‘waste to wealth’ plants are to be established, promoting a circular economy.

Mangrove Plantation and Wetland Conservation

The Mangrove Initiative for Shoreline Habitats & Tangible Incomes (MISHTI) focuses on mangrove plantations along the coastline and on saltpan lands. This scheme is aimed at encouraging the optimal use of wetlands, enhancing biodiversity, carbon stock, and eco-tourism opportunities.

Investments Towards Renewable Energy

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The Indian energy transition landscape is anticipated to undergo major changes over the next decade with an estimated $197 billion worth of investments coming in for renewable energy projects in India. Key segments poised for growth include green hydrogen, energy storage, EV charging, carbon capture, utilization, and energy efficiency. Investments are also expected to focus on grid load management, with pump storage hydro and battery-based storage projects being critical.

Emerging business models and value-added services, such as Energy-as-a-Service and corporate decarbonization solutions, are rapidly evolving in the renewable energy sector. Companies like Tata Power, JSW Energy, ReNew Power, and Greenko are offering innovative services that cater to the increasing net-zero commitments by Indian companies.


India’s success in scaling up its renewable energy sector has drawn attention from major global organizations and investors. The sector has seen increasing interest from long-term passive investors such as sovereign wealth funds and pension funds, indicating a mature market that can attract global capital.

Overall, India’s green energy sector presents a dynamic and evolving investment landscape, with a blend of government initiatives, emerging business models, and growing domestic and international investor interest positioning India as a key player in the global sustainable energy landscape.



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