The common efforts to replace the use of plastic in house revolves around paper and jute bags. However, the commercial production of paper is rigorous process and consumes questionable amount of ecological goods and services. Thousands of trees are lacerated every year as a raw material for paper production along with use of several chemical treatments to the pulp. These chemicals enhance quality of paper but produce harmful by-products like bleach in form of hydrogen peroxide and sodium hydrosulfite. This is topped off with costs of transportation (aka the fuel consumption rates) and harmful residual (like sludge). These environmental costs of mass producing paper can be reduced and over time, eliminated by making handmade paper at individual levels.
Paper making at home can be a fun activity for children. Through constant practice, it is possible to ace the scientific art of paper making. Paper making is a scientific art, it takes years for a person to master the art of paper making at home.
- Recyclable unwaxed paper: Old newspaper, used copies.
- Blender or mortar grinder;
- Few litres of tap water;
- A big rectangular container (preferably slightly bigger than the size of the frame chosen);
- A wooden board; and Sponge or towel.
Material for Frame
- Wooden frame;
- Screen which can cover the frame made of nylon or fiberglass or charcoal or mixed materials;
- Hard plastic screen measuring to the internal shape of frame.
- Few teaspoons of liquid bleach or vinegar;
- Anything you want to add to make your paper sheet unique like small leaves, essential oil and others;
- Few teaspoons of starch; and
- Hair dryer or microwave
Make Paper at Home Do-It-Yourself (DIY) Guide:
1Collect recyclable papers:
Gather used paper (newspaper and others). These should be not glossy and not shiny. Also, clean the collected papers carefully. For every two pieces of grey paper like newspaper or magazine, add in one piece of white paper like notebook paper and printed sheet.
2Tear the paper
Tear the paper into small pieces (about a few cm each). Having smaller pieces will allow production of finer pulp and consequently, better results.
3Soak the paper strips in water
Soak the paper strips in water for about 10 minutes and wait until they get soggy. Use warm water to fasten this process. In case you wish to add perfume to the handmade paper, then drop about 3 to 5 drops of suitable essential oil. You can also pitch in flower petals. For a finer quality of paper, add two tablespoons of vinegar.
4Mash the soaked paper
Mash the soaked paper into fine slurry or pulp. For this, you can use mixer grin or blender. In case of mixer-grinder, add equal parts of soaked paper and water. In case of the blender, continue mashing until you reach uniformly textured paper.
5 Add pulp to the container
Add pulp to the container and mix the pulp thoroughly by stirring continuously for few minutes. The amount of pulp added should be carefully added according to intended thickness of sheet. Add few drops of bleach to avoid the paper from being too-absorbent which could results in messy spreading of the ink used on it.
6Building the deckle/pulp catcher:
Building the deckle/pulp catcher: This is a frame within which you can hold your pulp to the shape of paper you intend in the result. It is a thick screen with little holes places between a wooden frame (called deckle) and a hard-plastic screen. Nail the thick screen to one side of the frame. You will insert the hard plastic screen after placing pulp into the frame. This will drain the water and make even the paper texture.
Immerse the frame into the mixture prepared in Step 6 and leave it for half a minute. Uniformly fill the frame with pulp. Once the surface is levelled, rinse the excess water.
7Soak excess water
Soak excess water from the frame by gently placing the plastic sheet or a thick towel over the frame. Let the pulp stay in the frame till the point it dries into solid form. Use ironing press or hot-air blower for speeding up the process.
8Dry the paper
Let the paper dry for few days. Your handmade paper is now ready!