Water is the most essential basic need for all human activities. In order to ensure potable water is available for both residential and commercial needs, proper treatment of water is crucial. However, increased efforts are needed to treat water due to scarcity and pollution.
The goal of any individual or company is simple when it comes to the water treatment procedure – use as little of it as possible. While the end result is the same, the methods used could be quite different. For instance, there are disparate techniques in place for treating water in households and among commercial entities.
Hard water causes much harm to industrial equipment used in commercial companies, so there is a greater need for processed water treatment. However at homes, you need not have such sophisticated technologies in place to treat water. Here are some of the main differences:
Household Water Treatment
Residential water treatment systems can be divided into two different categories: point-of-use and point-of-entry systems. Point-of-entry systems are usually fitted just next to the water meter, which control all of the liquid that enters a home. Conversely, point-of-use systems treat the fluid in smaller batches. For instance, it targets the water that is flowing from taps.
Typically, there are four different stages that are a part of a home water treatment system: filtration, water softening, distillation and disinfection. Filtration is the first step, where any impurities in the water are removed. This can be done using a barrier that is either physical, biological, or chemical. Next comes a water softener to replace calcium and magnesium ions that are usually responsible for the ‘hardness’ in the water. Potassium or sodium ions are used to substitute the other two ions and soften water.
The final stage is disinfection where physical or chemical substances are used to kill or remove microbes from water. This procedure can involve components such as either iodine, chlorine or UV light, depending on the system in place. In contrast, distillation is a process where water is boiled to convert it into steam and then cooled to form condensed vapor. When this is done, many of the larger, solid contaminants are left behind. Therefore, the condensed liquid is totally pure.
Commercial Water Treatment
Commercial treatment of water is quite different from the residential one since needs are different. Here, the main concerns are reducing microbes, metal corrosion, and salt scaling. When water is stored in large amounts for a long time, it acts as a breeding ground for numerous bacteria, microbes, and other harmful bodies. Commercial water companies tend to use biocides and other chemicals to solve this problem. However, these chemicals remain in water causing harm to humans and machines.
There are some organizations such as Dynamic Water Technologies, which have created innovative and safer methods to treat water. They have discovered a way to make water treatment completely chemical free and, therefore, much healthier and friendlier to the environment.
Scaling and corrosion are the two major issues that commercial water treatment systems need to deal with. Scaling is a buildup of mineral salts deposits that are present in the fluid. Over time, this can thicken, causing blockages in pipes and inefficiencies in heat transfer. Corrosion takes place when metals present in pipes oxidize. This can cause physical damages to industrial equipment, rendering them useless.
Similarly for disinfection, more and more companies are opting for natural means of getting rid of microbes. Instead of resorting to harsh chemicals and substances, industries are using installations such Dynamic Water, which improve the overall efficiency and sustainability of the equipment. As such, if you have a small or large business, you too should consider such harmless methods of destroying bacteria and other challenges.